英検1級【単語・熟語テスト】試験3回分とおすすめ単語帳

eiken-grade-1-vocabulary-test英検・TOEIC等の英単語

英検1級の大問1と同形式・同難易度の模擬テストを3回分(25問×3回=75問)用意しました。最後に、おすすめの単語帳もご紹介しています。

大問1は文中の(   )内に、文脈に合う適切な語句を補うもので、単語21問+句動詞4問の合計25問が出題されます。合格ラインは25問中20問正解、目標回答時間は15分。英検1級の得点源として大きなウエイトを占めます。

四択の語彙問題ですが、選択肢になっている単・熟語には、英検1級よりも難易度の高い語が混じっています。文法力などに比べて、語彙力は非常に高いレベルを要求されるので、単語・熟語の暗記にじっくり取り組む必要があります。

またある程度覚えたら、問題を数多く解き、間違った問題があれば都度覚えていくようにすると、ただ単語リストを見ているよりもしっかり覚えられます。問題を解き慣れることで、スピードアップを図るのにも役立ちます。

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英検1級 単語テスト 第1回

To complete each item, choose the best word or phrase from among the four choices.

(1) Karen works efficiently. It’s (    ) of her long experience.
   1 arduous   2 treacherous   3 indicative   4 inveterate

(2) He had a great (    ) of making people laugh.
   1 faculty   2 skirmish   3 bigot   4 setback

(3) I’ve (    ) my jacket by sewing leather patches on the elbows.
   1 commiserated   2 reinforced   3 romped   4 prevaricated

(4) There was a (    ) of white lilies on the table.
   1 trough   2 patronage   3 profusion   4 verity

(5) The farmers had made no (    ) against the drought.
   1 propensity   2 picket   3 litigation   4 provision

(6) The boy (    ) the coins in his hand.
   1 clenched   2 deprecated   3 manipulated   4 gloated

(7) The Vikings often (    ) the English coast in the Middle Ages.
   1 parried   2 harried   3 converged   4 denounced

(8) I was not deceived by his (    ) argument.
   1 managerial   2 garish   3 commensurate   4 specious

(9) The police held back the crowds to (    ) the work of the firemen.
   1 facilitate   2 deviate   3 undercut   4 reimburse

(10) Bargain hunters (    ) into the department store.
   1 enunciated   2 stunted   3 sagged   4 swarmed

(11) The lovers (    ) their initials on the oak tree.
   1 engraved   2 satirized   3 finalized   4 disseminated

(12) He was absent from work for three days on the (    ) of illness.
   1 dexterity   2 restraint   3 pretext   4 derelict

(13) Sightseers were standing in a (    ) around the famous statue.
   1 predicament   2 cluster   3 lattice   4 plethora

(14) He took out an American (    ) on his invention.
   1 composure   2 consignment   3 insurrection   4 patent

(15) No (    ) of the prosperous town remains now.
   1 volition   2 diploma   3 vestige   4 fluke

(16) His first work well (    ) to his literary genius.
   1 eschewed   2 attested   3 facilitated   4 garbled

(17) It requires a great effort to (    ) a conversation in a foreign language.
   1 reiterate   2 sustain   3 contuse   4 encompass

(18) The President (    ) our reception with his presence.
   1 assimilated   2 dredged   3 recounted   4 dignified

(19) I am (    ) to you for your many kindnesses.
   1 rampant   2 uncouth   3 indebted   4 exploratory

(20) He was not (    ) enough to catch the butterfly.
   1 nimble   2 intrepid   3 salubrious   4 impending

(21) The beautiful melody (    ) in my mind for a long time after.
   1 reciprocated   2 rectified   3 reminisced   4 persisted

(22) She can (    ) 3 cakes at one go.
   1 polish off   2 figure on   3 cast off   4 pore over

(23) Clubs are urged to nominate representatives to (    ) the Student Committee.
   1 cast off   2 hang on to   3 pull on   4 sit on

(24) (    ) the names of the people who have paid their dues.
   1 Plow through   2 Tear through   3 Cross off   4 Drug out

(25) I’m (    ) Dad to buy me a new car.
   1 riding on   2 working on   3 cracking up   4 bearing out

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第1回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 3 indicative = ~を示す
Karen works efficiently. It’s (indicative) of her long experience.
カレンは能率よく働く。それは彼女の長い経験を表している。

(2) 1 faculty = 才能
He had a great (faculty) of making people laugh.
彼は人を笑わせる非常な才能を持っていた。

(3) 2 reinforce = ~を補強する
I’ve (reinforced) my jacket by sewing leather patches on the elbows.
私はひじのところに皮の切れはしを縫いつけて自分のジャケットを補強した。

(4) 3 profusion = 豊富
There was a (profusion) of white lilies on the table.
卓の上にはたくさんの白ユリがあった.

(5) 4 provision = 配給、準備
The farmers had made no (provision) against the drought.
農家の人たちは旱魃(かんばつ)に対して何の備えもしていなかった。

(6) 1 clench = ~を握りしめる
The boy (clenched) the coins in his hand.
少年は小銭を手に握りしめた。

(7) 2 harry = 〜を襲撃する、荒す
The Vikings often (harried) the English coast in the Middle Ages.
バイキングは中世時によく英国の沿岸を荒らし回った。

(8) 4 specious = 見掛け倒しの、最もらしい
I was not deceived by his (specious) argument.
彼のもっともらしい議論に私はだまされなかった。

(9) 1 facilitate = ~を容易にする
The police held back the crowds to (facilitate) the work of the firemen.
消防士の活動を容易にするために警察は群衆を押しとどめた。

(10) 4 swarm = 殺到する
Bargain hunters (swarmed) into the department store.
バーゲン品をあさる客が百貨店に群れをなして押し寄せた。

(11) 1 engrave = 刻む
The lovers (engraved) their initials on the oak tree.
恋人たちは自分たちの頭文字をカシの木に刻んだ。

(12) 3 pretext = 口実
He was absent from work for three days on the (pretext) of illness.
彼は病気を口実にして仕事を3日間休んだ。

(13) 2 cluster = 群れ
Sightseers were standing in a (cluster) around the famous statue.
観光客は有名な彫像の回りに群れをなして立っていた。

(14) 4 patent = 特許
He took out an American (patent) on his invention.
彼は彼の発明について米国の特許を得た。

(15) 3 vestige = 名残、面影
No (vestige) of the prosperous town remains now.
繁華な町の面影は今はまったく残っていない。

(16) 2 attest = 証明する
His first work well (attested) to his literary genius.
彼の処女作は彼の文学的天分を十分に証明した。

(17) 2 sustain = 維持する
It requires a great effort to (sustain) a conversation in a foreign language.
外国語で会話を続けるのにはたいへんな努力が必要である。

(18) 4 dignify = ~に威厳を与える
The President (dignified) our reception with his presence.
大統領の出席で我々のレセプションに威厳がついた。

(19) 3 indebted = 負うところがある
I am (indebted) to you for your many kindnesses.
いろいろご親切にしていただいてあなたに感謝しています。

(20) 1 nimble = 機敏な
He was not (nimble) enough to catch the butterfly.
彼はちょうを捕えられるほどすばしこくなかった。

(21) 4 persist = 持続する
The beautiful melody (persisted) in my mind for a long time after.
その美しいメロディーはそのあと長い間私の心から離れなかった。

(22) 1 polish off = ~を素早く平らげる
She can (polish off) 3 cakes at one go.
彼女は一度に3個のケーキをぺろっと片づけてしまう。

(23) 4 sit on = 役職に就く
Clubs are urged to nominate representatives to (sit on) the Student Committee.
クラブは学生委員会に参加する代表者を任命するよう促される。

(24) 3 cross off = (リストから)外す、消す
(Cross off) the names of the people who have paid their dues.
会費を払った人たちの名前を消してください。

(25) 2 work on ~ = ~に働きかける
I’m (working on) Dad to buy me a new car.
私は新車を買って欲しいと父にねだっている。

英検1級 単語テスト 第2回

To complete each item, choose the best word or phrase from among the four choices.

(1) The boy’s face was (    ) with mud and sweat.
   1 imparted   2 streaked   3 abrogated   4 molted

(2) She willingly (    ) to my request.
   1 acceded   2 extruded   3 endeared   4 affronted

(3) Don’t make remarks that are (    ) to his reputation.
   1 disgruntled   2 sleazy   3 derogatory   4 feasible

(4) “What’s the (    ) of this wall?” “It’s 10 meters in (    ).”
   1 elocution   2 benediction   3 recluse   4 breadth

(5) A heavy rainfall (    ) me from going out.
   1 curtailed   2 deteriorated   3 warbled   4 hindered

(6) Our boy becomes (    ) to everything when he plays the guitar.
   1 oblivious   2 autocratic   3 hefty   4 masterful

(7) He has increased his (    ) in English greatly.
   1 sediment   2 recluse   3 proficiency   4 bibliography

(8) Japan and the U.S.came to a (    ) agreement.
   1 distraught   2 tentative   3 unequivocal   4 insightful

(9) The (    ) of this group was made up of three men.
   1 asthma   2 deportation   3 nucleus   4 custodian

(10) Tom is, beyond (    ), the brightest in our class.
   1 spree   2 cognizance   3 efficacy   4 dispute

(11) He (    ) a means of speaking to Nancy privately.
   1 contrived   2 exhilarated   3 drawled   4 persisted

(12) The bells sent their (    ) across the valley.
   1 impasses   2 peals   3 quorums   4 locutions

(13) The bill may be (    ) by the President.
   1 disbanded   2 vetoed   3 relegated   4 delved

(14) Having been (    ) of murder, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
   1 teetered   2 hibernated   3 convicted   4 reverberated

(15) These two books are (    ) to each other.
   1 complementary   2 subdued   3 herbivorous   4 nutritious

(16) There is no (    ) for this kind of case.
   1 fetter   2 monoxide   3 precedent   4 connotation

(17) The reviewer is sharply (    ) of the novel.
   1 culpable   2 languid   3 lucrative   4 critical

(18) I have known George since his (    ).
   1 gratuity   2 infancy   3 streamline   4 condiment

(19) This is the (    ) book he was reading last month.
   1 iniquitous   2 identical   3 flawless   4 hackneyed

(20) His only (    ) was that his offer might offend her.
   1 misgiving   2 intermission   3 specimen   4 outage

(21) There will be chaos unless we all (    ) to the rules.
   1 scrawl   2 smother   3 pulverize   4 adhere

(22) The wind was so strong that he had to (    ) his hat.
   1 pluck up   2 cast back   3 foul up   4 hold on to

(23) I (    ) staying there for a week.
   1 reckon on   2 throw in   3 figure on   4 live down

(24) He won’t (    ) once he has said something.
   1 run up against   2 tip off   3 keel over   4 back off

(25) He never forgives his enemies and will go to extremes to (    ) them.
   1 jockey for   2 get back at   3 hold out for   4 gloss over

第2回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 2 streak = ~に縞をつける
The boy’s face was (streaked) with mud and sweat.
少年の顔はどろと汗でしま模様になっていた。

(2) 1 accede = 同意する
She willingly (acceded) to my request.
彼女は快く私の要求に応じてくれた。

(3) 3 derogatory = 軽蔑的な、損なうような
Don’t make remarks that are (derogatory) to his reputation.
彼の名声を傷つけるような発言をしてはいけない。

(4) 4 breadth = 幅
“What’s the (breadth) of this wall?” “It’s 10 meters in (breadth).”
「この塀の幅はどれくらいありますか」 「10メートルです」

(5) 4 hinder = ~を妨げる
A heavy rainfall (hindered) me from going out.
どしゃぶりで私は出かけられなかった。

(6) 1 oblivious = ~に気づいていない
Our boy becomes (oblivious) to everything when he plays the guitar.
ギターをひいている時うちの男の子はあらゆる事を忘れている。

(7) 3 proficiency = 熟達
He has increased his (proficiency) in English greatly.
彼は非常に英語に熟達してきた。

(8) 2 tentative = 仮の
Japan and the U.S.came to a (tentative) agreement.
日本とアメリカは仮の合意に達した。

(9) 3 nucleus = 核、中心
The (nucleus) of this group was made up of three men.
このグループの中心は3人の男であった。

(10) 4 dispute = 論争
Tom is, beyond (dispute), the brightest in our class.
間違いなくトムがクラスの中で一番頭がいい。

(11) 1 contrive = 〜を考え出す
He (contrived) a means of speaking to Nancy privately.
彼はナンシーと2人だけで話す手段を考え出した。

(12) 2 peal = 鐘の響き
The bells sent their (peals) across the valley.
鐘の音は谷間を越して響き渡った。

(13) 2 veto = ~に拒否権を行使する
The bill may be (vetoed) by the President.
その法案は大統領に拒否権を発動されるかも知れない。

(14) 3 convict = 〜に有罪判決を下す
Having been (convicted) of murder, he was sentenced to life imprisonment.
殺人の有罪宣告を受け、彼は終身刑を科せられた。

(15) 1 complementary = 補完的な
These two books are (complementary) to each other.
この2冊の本は互いに補足し合う。

(16) 3 precedent = 前例
There is no (precedent) for this kind of case.
この種の事件は先例がない。

(17) 4 critical = ~に批判的な
The reviewer is sharply (critical) of the novel.
その書評者はその小説に鋭く批判的である。

(18) 2 infancy = 幼年時代
I have known George since his (infancy).
私はジョージを幼い頃から知っている。

(19) 2 identical = 一卵性の、同一の
This is the (identical) book he was reading last month.
これはまさに先月彼が読んでいた本です。

(20) 1 misgiving = 不安
His only (misgiving) was that his offer might offend her.
彼の唯一の心配は彼の申し出が彼女の気に障りはしないかということだった。

(21) 4 adhere = 忠実である
There will be chaos unless we all (adhere) to the rules.
みんなが規則に忠実でないと無秩序になる.

(22) 4 hold on to = しがみつく、おさえる
The wind was so strong that he had to (hold on to) his hat.
帽子に手をやらなければならないほど風が強かった。

(23) 3 figure on = ~する予定
I (figure on) staying there for a week.
私はそこに1週間滞在するつもりだ。

(24) 4 back off = 撤退する、引き下がる
He won’t (back off) once he has said something.
彼は一度言い出したらなかなか引き下がらない。

(25) 2 get back at = 仕返しをする
He never forgives his enemies and will go to extremes to (get back at) them.
彼は敵を絶対に許さず、仕返しをするためならどんなことでもやりかねない。

英検1級 単語テスト 第3回

To complete each item, choose the best word or phrase from among the four choices.

(1) Let’s (    ) her with our decision immediately.
   1 superimpose   2 prattle   3 lurk   4 acquaint

(2) I had a slight (    ) about this kind of action.
   1 repercussion   2 spate   3 scruple   4 cipher

(3) She had three extra guests suddenly (    ) upon her.
   1 emancipate   2 thrust   3 gainsay   4 agonize

(4) This painter’s (    ) is portraits.
   1 resurrection   2 specialty   3 contraband   4 oversight

(5) They’re trying to (    ) the laborers to go on strike.
   1 incite   2 improvise   3 diagnose   4 alleviate

(6) His disappearance is (    ) in mystery.
   1 divergented   2 disavowed   3 exhilarated   4 shrouded

(7) There were a few (    ) of paint on the rug.
   1 inductions   2 mites   3 specks   4 anvils

(8) The rules (    ) how the members should act.
   1 prescribe   2 splurge   3 revel   4 deviate

(9) These qualities are (    ) in his nature.
   1 molecular   2 resonant   3 dainty   4 inherent

(10) The sound (    ) him from his sleep.
   1 winced   2 roused   3 swindled   4 deciphered

(11) We must pay a (    ) when we cross the bridge.
   1 resurgence   2 toll   3 annexation   4 addendum

(12) Her trembling hands were (    ) of her anxiety.
   1 abject   2 prerequisite   3 eloquent   4 ruthless

(13) The artist has been lost in (    ) for years.
   1 confederate   2 tacit   3 prevalence   4 obscurity

(14) Max remains (    ) about the prospects of his company.
   1 sanguine   2 invincible   3 brittle   4 retrograde

(15) He (    ) her into agreeing to his proposal.
   1 defaced   2 beguiled   3 optimized   4 unraveled

(16) This list is (    ) of the past members of the group.
   1 susceptible   2 inclusive   3 fraudulent   4 boisterous

(17) I’m trying to (    ) my ideas with theirs.
   1 integrate   2 deplete   3 conjugate   4 annex

(18) Our teacher bears a (    ) resemblance to that man.
   1 indicative   2 propitious   3 humdrum   4 superficial

(19) The Minister had to face a (    ) of questions from the press.
   1 barrage   2 viability   3 negligence   4 inauguration

(20) The child (    ) in the drawer for a pencil.
   1 downplayed   2 forfeited   3 fumbled   4 revoked

(21) I do (    ) you, hear me through.
   1 drizzle   2 subsist   3 rave   4 beseech

(22) I’m always (    ) you for advice.
   1 rustling up   2 following through   3 flipping out   4 leaning on

(23) We (    ) an exciting enterprise.
   1 embarked on   2 jotted down   3 scuffled with   4 drummed up

(24) Tommy plowed into me as he came running around the corner.
   1 ran down   2 plowed into   3 holed up   4 flared up

(25) This wild flower (    ) a sweet scent.
   1 pulls out   2 harps on   3 gains on   4 gives off

第3回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 4 acquaint = 知らせる
Let’s (acquaint) her with our decision immediately.
彼女に我々の決定をただちに知らせよう。

(2) 3 scruple = 罪の意識、良心の呵責
I had a slight (scruple) about this kind of action.
私はこの種の行動に出るのはいささか気がとがめた。

(3) 2 thrust = ~を押し付ける
She had three extra guests suddenly (thrust) upon her.
彼女は予定外の客3人を急に押しつけられた。

(4) 2 specialty = 専門
This painter’s (specialty) is portraits.
この画家の専門は肖像画だ。

(5) 1 incite = ~を扇動する
They’re trying to (incite) the laborers to go on strike.
彼らは労働者がストライキをするように扇動しようとしている。

(6) 4 shroud = 覆い隠す
His disappearance is (shrouded) in mystery.
彼の失踪はなぞに包まれている。

(7) 3 speck = 斑点
There were a few (specks) of paint on the rug.
敷物の上にペンキのしみが少しついていた。

(8) 1 prescribe = 〜を規定する
The rules (prescribe) how the members should act.
会則は会員がいかに行動すべきかを規定している。

(9) 4 inherent = 生来の、固有の
These qualities are (inherent) in his nature.
これらの素質は彼の生まれつきのものである。

(10) 2 rouse = 目を覚まさせる
The sound (roused) him from his sleep.
その物音で彼は眠りから覚めた。

(11) 2 toll = 通行料
We must pay a (toll) when we cross the bridge.
その橋を渡る時は通行料を払わねばならない。

(12) 3 eloquent = 雄弁な
Her trembling hands were (eloquent) of her anxiety.
彼女の震える手は彼女の心配をよく物語っていた。

(13) 4 obscurity = 世に知られていないこと
The artist has been lost in (obscurity) for years.
その画家は何年もの間無名のまま埋もれていた。

(14) 1 sanguine = 楽天的な
Max remains (sanguine) about the prospects of his company.
マックスは会社の将来について相変わらず楽観的だ。

(15) 2 beguile = 〜を騙す
He (beguiled) her into agreeing to his proposal.
彼は彼女をだまして彼の提案に同意させた。

(16) 2 inclusive = 包括的な、含んで
This list is (inclusive) of the past members of the group.
この表には過去の会員も含まれている。

(17) 1 integrate = ~を統合する
I’m trying to (integrate) my ideas with theirs.
私は自分の考えと彼らの考えを一致させようと努めている。

(18) 4 superficial = 表面的な
Our teacher bears a (superficial) resemblance to that man.
先生はその男に表面上似ている。

(19) 1 barrage = 集中砲火、弾幕
The Minister had to face a (barrage) of questions from the press.
大臣は新聞記者たちからの矢継ぎ早の質問に直面しなくてはならなかった。

(20) 3 fumble = 手探りする
The child (fumbled) in the drawer for a pencil.
子供は引き出しの中を手探りして鉛筆を捜した。

(21) 4 beseech = 懇願する
I do (beseech) you, hear me through.
お願いいたします、最後までお聞きください。

(22) 4 lean on = 当てにする、頼る
I’m always (leaning on) you for advice.
あなたのご忠告をいつも頼りにしています。

(23) 1 embark on = 乗り出す
We (embarked on) an exciting enterprise.
私たちはおもしろい企業を始めた。

(24) 2 plow into = 激突する
Tommy plowed into me as he came running around the corner.
トミーは走って角を曲がってきて、私に激しくぶつかった。

(25) 4 give off = (においなどを)出す、放つ
This wild flower (gives off) a sweet scent.
この野花は甘い香りを放つ。

英検1級受験におすすめの英単語帳

まず押さえておきたいのは定番の旺文社『英検1級 でる順パス単』ですが、こちらは2021年6月に4訂版から5訂版に改定になった際に、収録単語の難易度が下げられました。

試験の難易度はというと、公開されている過去問題を見る限りあまり変わってないようなので、1冊だけ買うのなら、(中古などで手に入れば)4訂版のほうがおすすめです。

2022年度第2回英検(2022年10月9日実施)の問題を調べてみると、大問1の正解の単語21語のうち、4訂版には14問が載っています。

もっとカバー率の高い単語帳としては、コーパスを基に作られた、アルクの『究極の英単語 SVL Vol.4 超上級の3000語』がおすすめです。上記の単語21語のうち、さらに4問が載っています。

この『究極の英単語』は1つの例文で2~4語の単語を覚えるという構成です。例えば、

With his squalid clothes and his stubble, the man epitomized the vagabond.
むさ苦しい服を着た、無精ひげのその男は、放浪者の典型だった。

の1文で

squalid(形)むさくるしい
stubble(名)無精ひげ
epitomize(他動)~の典型である
vagabond(名)浮浪者

の4語を覚える形です(音声別売り)。

短文で覚えるため語の使い方も一緒に覚えられることと、可算・不可算名詞の別が載っているのが利点です。

また、『究極の英単語』シリーズでは、4冊で3000語ずつ、重なりなく12000語の英単語を覚えられるため、自分の語彙の確認作業や、英字新聞などを読むのに必要な実践的な語彙力を身につけるのに役立ちます。

ただ、『究極の英単語 SVL Vol.4 超上級の3000語』は、『究極の英単語 SVL Vol.3』までの9000語を覚えているという前提で作られているので、英検準1級レベルからだと少し間が空いてしまうかもしれません。

パス単4訂版・5訂版のどちらかと『究極の英単語 SVL Vol.4』を併用するのが最強ではないかと思います。パス単は5訂版のほうが基本語から載っていますし、4訂版のほうが難語が多く載っています。

 
 


 

 
 

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