英検2級【単語・熟語テスト】試験3回分掲載

eiken-grade-2-vocabulary-test英検・TOEIC等の英単語

英検 2級の大問1と同形式・同難易度の模擬テストを3回分(20問×3回=60問)用意しました。

大問1は文中の(   )内に、文脈に合う適切な語句を補うもので、単語10問+熟語3問+文法3問の合計20問が出題されます。

合格ラインは6割程度と言われているので、20問中12問正解、回答時間は10分です(ほかの大問も合わせ、総合的に見て6割なので、大問1で必ず6割ということではありません)。

四択の語彙問題ですが、選択肢になっている単語には、2級よりも難易度の高い語が混じっています。でも正解となる単語さえ分かれば解けますので、気にせずどんどん解いていき、「もし間違った問題があれば、正解になっている単語のみ覚えていく」のが効率的かと思います。

こうすると、ただ単語リストを見ているよりもしっかり覚えられる上に、問題を解き慣れることでスピードアップを図るのにも役立ちます。

熟語については選択肢のほうがやさしく、消去法で解けるものが多いようです。基本の熟語をおさえておくことが大切です。

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英検 2級 単語テスト 第1回

次の(1)から(20)までの(    )に入れるのに最も適切なものを 1, 2, 3, 4 の中から一つ選び、その番号で答えてください。

(1) Kate had a (    ) impression that she had seen the man before.
   1 classical   2 eminent   3 vague   4 sensible

(2) I got much (    ) from that book.
   1 atmosphere   2 odor   3 glacier   4 benefit

(3) Speech can be (    ) as a form of communication.
   1 survived   2 postponed   3 defined   4 illuminated

(4) One (    ) to shout when excited.
   1 describes   2 tends   3 masters   4 accompanies

(5) He (    ) that he would go by himself.
   1 contained   2 determined   3 estimated   4 dominated

(6) He phoned me (    ) last week.
   1 equally   2 frequently   3 technically   4 simultaneously

(7) The air is a (    ) for sound waves.
   1 border   2 toll   3 medium   4 fallacy

(8) The hotel (    ) a taxi service to the airport.
   1 observes   2 provides   3 migrates   4 casts

(9) Mr.Green came to Japan with the (    ) of studying Japanese history.
   1 range   2 reign   3 intention   4 criterion

(10) I took the (    ) of calling on my old friends while I was in Paris.
   1 opportunity   2 trail   3 trade   4 profile

(11) The entire system was (    ) motion.
   1 turned in   2 called back   3 turned away   4 set in

(12) The police were (    ) within ten minutes.
   1 on a basis   2 in shape   3 on the spot   4 on the move

(13) I (    ) him at the station.
   1 provided for   2 came across   3 came around   4 threw away

(14) I built on his suggestion to (    ) a plan.
   1 shut up   2 leave out   3 keep off   4 work out

(15) I want to (    ) something as a poet.
   1 count for   2 break with   3 pass by   4 pull over

(16) Let’s see which of us will (    ) longer.
   1 refer to   2 hand in   3 point out   4 hold out

(17) We have kept some money in reserve (    ).
   1 at short notice   2 for a rainy day   3 in the end   4 to begin with

(18) The accused lied and hoped to (    ) it.
   1 care about   2 send out   3 burst into   4 get away with

(19) It’s very likely (    ) today.
   1 rain   2 rains   3 rained   4 to rain

(20) I can hardly bear to walk, much (    ) run.
   1 least   2 only   3 less   4 worse

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第1回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 3 vague = あいまいな
Kate had a (vague) impression that she had seen the man before.
ケイトは以前にその男に会ったことがあるという感じがばく然とした。

(2) 4 benefit = 恩恵
I got much (benefit) from that book.
その本から大いに得るところがあった。

(3) 3 define = 定義する
Speech can be (defined) as a form of communication.
言語は伝達の一形式であると定義できる。

(4) 2 tend = 傾向がある
One (tends) to shout when excited.
人は興奮すると大声を出す傾向がある。

(5) 2 determine = 決定する
He (determined) that he would go by himself.
彼は1人で行こうと決心した。

(6) 2 frequently = 頻繁に
He phoned me (frequently) last week.
彼は先週何度も電話をかけてきた。

(7) 3 medium = 媒体
The air is a (medium) for sound waves.
空気は音波の媒体である。

(8) 2 provide = 提供する
The hotel (provides) a taxi service to the airport.
空港までホテル側がタクシーをサービスしてくれる。

(9) 3 intention = 意志
Mr.Green came to Japan with the (intention) of studying Japanese history.
グリーン氏は日本史を研究するつもりで日本へ来た。

(10) 1 opportunity = 機会
I took the (opportunity) of calling on my old friends while I was in Paris.
私はパリ滞在中に機会を利用して旧友を訪ねた。

(11) 4 set in = 始まる
The entire system was (set in) motion.
全システムが稼動を始めた。

(12) 3 on the spot = その場で
The police were (on the spot) within ten minutes.
10分もしないうちに警察が現場に来た。

(13) 2 come across = 偶然出会う
I (came across) him at the station.
駅で彼に出くわした。

(14) 4 work out ~ = ~を練る
I built on his suggestion to (work out) a plan.
私は彼の示唆(しさ)を土台にして案を練った。

(15) 1 count for ~ = ~の価値がある
I want to (count for) something as a poet.
私は詩人としていささか名をあげたい。

(16) 4 hold out = 持ちこたえる
Let’s see which of us will (hold out) longer.
こうなったら根比べだ。

(17) 2 for a rainy day = 将来のまさかの時に備えて
We have kept some money in reserve (for a rainy day).
まさかの時に備えてお金を少し取っておいてある。

(18) 4 get away with ~ = ~をうまくやる
The accused lied and hoped to (get away with) it.
被告はうそを言って、それで押し通せると思った。

(19) 4 be likely to do = ~しそうである
It’s very likely (to rain) today.
今日はきっと雨になる。

(20) 3 much less = まして~はいっそうない
I can hardly bear to walk, much (less) run.
歩くのもやっとなのだから走るなどとんでもない。

英検 2級 単語テスト 第2回

次の(1)から(20)までの(    )に入れるのに最も適切なものを 1, 2, 3, 4 の中から一つ選び、その番号で答えてください。

(1) Columbus (    ) that he could reach India by going west.
   1 praised   2 argued   3 operated   4 derived

(2) There will be no (    ) for you to attend the meeting.
   1 stock   2 phrase   3 necessity   4 excess

(3) She tried to (    ) a ticket for the concert.
   1 obtain   2 lead   3 conquer   4 foster

(4) Taro (    ) on memorizing English words.
   1 impressed   2 enlarged   3 flushed   4 concentrated

(5) Mary admitted her mistake (    ).
   1 extremely   2 accidentally   3 frankly   4 merely

(6) I have received no (    ) to my inquiry.
   1 timber   2 aspect   3 reef   4 response

(7) The attorney has strong (    ) that she is innocent.
   1 evidence   2 classification   3 manner   4 outlook

(8) Society is made up of (    ).
   1 blades   2 individuals   3 harvests   4 treaties

(9) The explorer was not (    ) of what was awaiting him.
   1 rural   2 dynamic   3 conscious   4 reluctant

(10) I’d like to (    ) you as a member of our club.
   1 enroll   2 perform   3 complete   4 inhabit

(11) I tried to (    ) the times.
   1 take away   2 keep up with   3 bring down   4 hold off

(12) He (    ) his thoughts in the notebook.
   1 hang up   2 long for   3 gear up   4 put down

(13) The ship was (    ) the waves.
   1 in the way of   2 in search of   3 at the mercy of   4 in exchange for

(14) The couple (    ) some time ago.
   1 took after   2 split up   3 carried out   4 sat back

(15) I know I have to (    ) sweets.
   1 stand out   2 take over   3 cut down on   4 go off

(16) Fifty votes were (    ) the bill and three were against it.
   1 in favor of   2 in light of   3 in case of   4 in search of

(17) The dictionary was reprinted (    ) numerous requests.
   1 in comparison with   2 in the middle of   3 in response to   4 in the event of

(18) (    ) until the rescue crew gets to us.
   1 Stand out   2 Take over   3 Send out   4 Hang on

(19) Tom didn’t mention the price to me; only that he’s willing to (    ).
   1 sold   2 sell   3 to sell   4 sells

(20) His view of life (    ) on his long experience.
   1 will base   2 is basing   3 is to base   4 is based

第2回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 2 argue = 主張する
Columbus (argued) that he could reach India by going west.
コロンブスは西へ行けばインドに到着できると主張した。

(2) 3 necessity = 必要性
There will be no (necessity) for you to attend the meeting.
君がその会に出る必要はないだろう。

(3) 1 obtain = 得る
She tried to (obtain) a ticket for the concert.
彼女はコンサートの切符を手に入れようとした。

(4) 4 concentrate = 集中する
Taro (concentrated) on memorizing English words.
太郎は英単語を暗記するのに集中した。

(5) 3 frankly = 率直に
Mary admitted her mistake (frankly).
メアリーは失敗を率直に認めた。

(6) 4 response = 応答
I have received no (response) to my inquiry.
私は問合せに対して何の回答も受けていない。

(7) 1 evidence = 証拠
The attorney has strong (evidence) that she is innocent.
弁護士は彼女が潔白だという有力な証拠を握っている。

(8) 2 individual = 個人
Society is made up of (individuals).
社会は個人から成り立っている。

(9) 3 conscious = 気づいて
The explorer was not (conscious) of what was awaiting him.
探険家は彼を待ち構えているものに気づかなかった。

(10) 1 enroll = 入会させる
I’d like to (enroll) you as a member of our club.
あなたを我々のクラブの会員にしたい。

(11) 2 keep up with ~ = ~に遅れずについていく
I tried to (keep up with) the times.
私は時勢に遅れないように努めた。

(12) 4 put down ~ = ~を書き留める
He (put down) his thoughts in the notebook.
彼は自分の意見をノートに書きつけた。

(13) 3 at the mercy of = ~のなすがままになって
The ship was (at the mercy of) the waves.
船は波に翻弄(ほんろう)されていた。

(14) 2 split up = 別れる
The couple (split up) some time ago.
その夫婦はしばらく前に別れた。

(15) 3 cut down on ~ = ~を減らす
I know I have to (cut down on) sweets.
私が甘い物を減らさなければならないのはわかっている。

(16) 1 in favor of ~ = ~に賛成して
Fifty votes were (in favor of) the bill and three were against it.
その議案に賛成が50票、反対が3票だった。

(17) 3 in response to ~ = ~に応じて
The dictionary was reprinted (in response to) numerous requests.
その辞書はおおかたの需要に応じ再版された。

(18) 4 hang on = 持ちこたえる
(Hang on) until the rescue crew gets to us.
救助班が着くまで頑張れ。

(19) 2 be willing to do = 喜んで~する
Tom didn’t mention the price to me; only that he’s willing to (sell).
トムは私に値段は言わないで、ただ売りたいとだけ言った。

(20) 4 be based on = ~に基づいている
His view of life (is based) on his long experience.
彼の人生観は彼の長年の経験に基づいている。

英検 2級 単語テスト 第3回

次の(1)から(20)までの(    )に入れるのに最も適切なものを 1, 2, 3, 4 の中から一つ選び、その番号で答えてください。

(1) He (    ) up the stairs to the classroom.
   1 discussed   2 reflected   3 rushed   4 withdrew

(2) Don’t (    ) the plant to direct sunlight.
   1 pile   2 stretch   3 disregard   4 expose

(3) It was (    ) that the driver had not been careful enough.
   1 efficient   2 obvious   3 ambitious   4 abundant

(4) The singer took his (    ) for Tokyo from London.
   1 departure   2 decade   3 facility   4 architecture

(5) It was (    ) that the boys should go to the sea by themselves.
   1 converted   2 stirred   3 suggested   4 pitched

(6) A rainbow is a beautiful natural (    ).
   1 measure   2 phenomenon   3 instinct   4 pilgrim

(7) The cargo was (    ) from the ship to the dock.
   1 transferred   2 contributed   3 outlined   4 proclaimed

(8) Is it (    ) for me to see the President?
   1 opposite   2 extinct   3 diligent   4 possible

(9) Almost all the French colonies in Africa had become (    ) by 1960.
   1 enthusiastic   2 reckless   3 independent   4 hollow

(10) This is an (    ) place to live in.
   1 annual   2 suspicious   3 verbal   4 ideal

(11) I have more work than I can (    ).
   1 wear out   2 lay down   3 cope with   4 call on

(12) Ken will (    ) his brother’s clothes by the end of the year.
   1 manage to   2 figure out   3 set up   4 grow into

(13) The results of experiments (    ) with higher animals.
   1 go through   2 check out   3 put aside   4 pick out

(14) (    ) quality, his is the best report.
   1 In terms of   2 In the way of   3 In light of   4 In place of

(15) Wealth hasn’t made him any prouder. He is,(    ), humility itself.
   1 in the distance   2 before long   3 on the contrary   4 for a change

(16) The players have to (    ) the umpire’s decision.
   1 apply for   2 abide by   3 pull together   4 come by

(17) Whatever happens,we must (    ) this plan.
   1 go ahead with   2 catch on   3 burn out   4 stand in for

(18) You have to (    ) your absence from school.
   1 figure out   2 go ahead with   3 speak up   4 account for

(19) Generally (    ), Japanese are hard workers.
   1 speak   2 speaks   3 to speak   4 speaking

(20) Do at (    ) one kind act every day.
   1 less   2 least   3 worse   4 worst

第3回の解答と問題文の和訳

(1) 3 rush = 急いでいく
He (rushed) up the stairs to the classroom.
彼は大急ぎで階段をかけ上がって教室へ行った。

(2) 4 expose = さらす
Don’t (expose) the plant to direct sunlight.
その植物は直射日光に当ててはいけない。

(3) 2 obvious = 明らかな
It was (obvious) that the driver had not been careful enough.
運転者が十分注意していなかったことは明らかだった。

(4) 1 departure = 出発
The singer took his (departure) for Tokyo from London.
その歌手はロンドンから東京に向けて出発した。

(5) 3 suggest = 提案する
It was (suggested) that the boys should go to the sea by themselves.
少年たちだけで海へ行ってはどうかと提案された。

(6) 2 phenomenon = 現象
A rainbow is a beautiful natural (phenomenon).
虹は美しい自然現象だ。

(7) 1 transfer = 移す
The cargo was (transferred) from the ship to the dock.
貨物は船から波止場へ移された。

(8) 4 possible = 可能な
Is it (possible) for me to see the President?
社長さんに会うことができますか。

(9) 3 independent = 独立した
Almost all the French colonies in Africa had become (independent) by 1960.
アフリカのフランス植民地は1960年にはほとんど全部独立した。

(10) 4 ideal = 理想的な
This is an (ideal) place to live in.
ここは住むのに理想的な場所だ。

(11) 3 cope with ~ = ~をうまく処理する
I have more work than I can (cope with).
私は手に余る仕事を抱えている。

(12) 4 grow into ~ = (成長して)~を着られるようになる
Ken will (grow into) his brother’s clothes by the end of the year.
ケンは年末ごろには大きくなって兄さんの服が着られるでしょう。

(13) 2 check out = ~を調査する
The results of experiments (check out) with higher animals.
実験の結果はより高等な動物についても確かめられている。

(14) 1 in terms of ~ = ~の観点から
(In terms of) quality, his is the best report.
質の点で彼のレポートが最高だ。

(15) 3 on the contrary = それどころか
Wealth hasn’t made him any prouder. He is,(on the contrary), humility itself.
金ができても彼は少しも高慢になってはいない。それどころか彼は実に腰が低い。

(16) 2 abide by = ~に従う
The players have to (abide by) the umpire’s decision.
選手たちは審判員の決定に従わなければならない。

(17) 1 go ahead with = ~を進める
Whatever happens,we must (go ahead with) this plan.
どんなことがあってもこの案で押し切らねばならない。

(18) 4 account for ~ = ~を説明する
You have to (account for) your absence from school.
あなたは学校を欠席する理由を説明しなければならない。

(19) 4 generally speaking = 一般的に言えば
Generally (speaking), Japanese are hard workers.
概して日本人は働き者だ。

(20) 2 at least = 少なくとも
Do at (least) one kind act every day.
毎日少なくともひとつの親切な行為をしなさい。

……お疲れさまでした。

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